If you know the risk factors and ask your doctor for a regular Kidney Health Check you can help detect kidney disease early and improve your outcomes.
Adult Indians are at an increased risk of chronic kidney disease if they:
- have diabeteshave
- high blood pressure
- kidney stones
- frequent use of analgesics(pain-killers) drugs
- have a family history of kidney failure
- are obese with a body mass index (BMI) 30 or higher
- are a smoker
- are 50 years or older
- have a history of acute kidney injury.
- have established heart problems (heart failure or heart attack) or have had a stroke
How is kidney disease detected?
There are several tests that can detect kidney disease. The tests that can confirm the presence of kidney disease include:
- Blood Tests: these measure blood levels of creatinine and urea. Both of these products are normally excreted in the urine, but if the kidneys are not functioning properly, increased amounts can be detected in the blood.
- Urine Tests: The presence of protein in the urine, simply diagnosed with a dipstick test, can often be a marker for silent kidney disease.
- Renal Imaging: involves taking a picture of the kidney using a variety of methods, such as ultrasound (sonography), CT scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These tests help determine if there are any changes in its size or blockages to the flow of urine.
- Renal Biopsy: a hospital procedure in which a needle is inserted through the skin into the kidney. A small sample of kidney tissue is removed for microscopic examination (about 10-20 nephrons taken out of a million).